
ZOJ Problem Set  3802
Dark_sun knows that on a singletrack road (which means once he passed this area, he cannot come back again), there are some underground treasures on each area of the road which has the value of 2, 4, 8 or 16. Dark_sun can decide whether to dig them or not in order to get the highest score. The calculation rule of the total score is similar to the game Flappy 2048. Dark_sun's bag is like a queue. When he gets a treasure, the treasure will be pushed back into the end of the bag. And the score will add the value of the treasure. For example, when there are treasures on the road in the order of {2, 8, 4, 8} and if Dark_sun decides to dig all of them, he will get the final score of 2+8+4+8=22. And his bag will finally become the sequence of {2, 8, 4, 8}. If the adjacent treasures in the Dark_sun's bag have the same value, they will mix into a bigger treasure which has the value of their sum (the double value of the previous one). And Dark_sun will get a combo score of the value of bigger treasure. For example in the previous case, if Dark_sun decides to dig only the {2, 8, 8} treasure in sequence. He will get the basic score of 18(2+8+8). And when the last treasure (value 8) is pushed back into his bag, his bag will turn {2, 8, 8} into {2, 16} and he will get a bonus score of 16. And his final score will become 18+16=34 (which is the best strategy in this case.) Notice that the treasures mix to the bigger one automatically when there are the same adjacent treasures. For example, when there are treasures of {2, 2, 4, 8, 16} on the road, and if Dark_sun decides to dig all of them, he will get the basic score of 32(2+2+4+8+16) and a bonus score of 60(4+8+16+32). At last he will get the total score of 92 and the bag becomes {32}. Now, Dark_sun wants to get the highest score (no matter what's the treasure in his bag), can you tell him the what's the highest score? InputThe first line is an integer n, which is the case number. In each case, the first line is an integer L, which is the length of the road.(0 < L ≤ 500) The second line contains L integers which can only be 2, 4, 8 or 16. This means the value of treasure on each area of the road. OutputFor each case, you should output an integer. The answer is the maximum of the total score which Dark_sun may get. Sample Input3 4 2 8 4 8 5 2 2 4 8 16 8 8 4 4 2 8 4 2 2 Sample Output34 92 116 HintIn the third sample case, Dark_sun will choose {8,4,4,8,4,2,2}. Firstly, the first three treasures will be combined to 16 and then the {16,8,4,2,2} will become 32. And he will get the basic score 32(8+4+4+8+4+2+2) and the bonus score 84(8+16+4+8+16+32). Author: Ni, Xinyi Source: ZOJ Monthly, August 2014 