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ZOJ Problem Set - 3316

Time Limit: 1 Second      Memory Limit: 32768 KB

Fire and Lam are addicted to the game of Go recently. Go is one of the oldest board games. It is rich in strategy despite its simple rules. The game is played by two players who alternately place black and white stones on the vacant intersections of a grid of 19*19 lines. Once placed on the board, stones cannot be moved elsewhere, unless they are surrounded and captured by the opponent's stones. The object of the game is to control (surround) a larger portion of the board than the opponent.

Fire thinks it is too easy for him to beat Lam. So he thinks out a new game to play on the board. There are some stones on the board, and we don't need to care about the stones' color in this new game. Fire and Lam take turns to remove one of the stones still on the board. But the Manhattan distance between the removed stone and the opponent's last removed stone must not be greater than L. And the one who can't remove any stone loses the game.

The Manhattan distance between (xi, yi) and (xj, yj) is |xi - xj| + |yi - yj|.

To show the performance of grace, Fire lets Lam play first. In the beginning of the game, Lam can choose to remove any stone on the board.

Fire and Lam are clever, so they both use the best strategy to play this game. Now, Fire wants to know whether he can make sure to win the game.


There are multiple cases (no more than 30).

In each case, the first line is a positive integer n (n <= 361) which indicates the number of stones left on the board. Following are n lines, each contains a pair of integers x and y (0 <= x, y <= 18), which indicate a stone's location. All pairs are distinct. The last line is an integer L (1 <= L <= 36).

There is a blank line between cases.


If Fire can win the game, output "YES"; otherwise, just output "NO".

Sample Input

0 2
2 0

0 2
2 0

Sample Output


Author: LIN, Yue
Source: The 10th Zhejiang University Programming Contest
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