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ZOJ Problem Set - 2056
Garland

Time Limit: 2 Seconds      Memory Limit: 65536 KB

The New Year garland consists of N lamps attached to a common wire that hangs down on the ends to which outermost lamps are affixed. The wire sags under the weight of lamp in a particular way: each lamp is hanging at the height that is 1 millimeter lower than the average height of the two adjacent lamps.

The leftmost lamp in hanging at the height of A millimeters above the ground. You have to determine the lowest height B of the rightmost lamp so that no lamp in the garland lies on the ground though some of them may touch the ground.

You shall neglect the lamp's size in this problem. By numbering the lamps with integers from 1 to N and denoting the ith lamp height in millimeters as Hi we derive the following equations:

  • H1 = A
  • Hi = (Hi-1 + Hi+1)/2 - 1, for all 1 < i < N
  • HN = B
  • Hi >= 0, for all 1 <= i <= N

The sample garland with 8 lamps that is shown on the picture has A = 15 and B = 9.75.


Input

The input consists of a single line with two numbers N and A separated by a space. N (3 <= N <= 1000) is an integer representing the number of lamps in the garland, A (10 <= A <= 1000) is a real number representing the height of the leftmost lamp above the ground in millimeters.


Output

Write to the output the single real number B accurate to two digits to the right of the decimal point representing the lowest possible height of the rightmost lamp.


This problem contains multiple test cases!

The first line of a multiple input is an integer N, then a blank line followed by N input blocks. Each input block is in the format indicated in the problem description. There is a blank line between input blocks.

The output format consists of N output blocks. There is a blank line between output blocks.


Sample Input

2

8 15

692 532.81


Sample Output

9.75

446113.34


Source: Northeastern Europe 2000
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