ZOJ Problem Set - 2049
The Department of Recreation has decided that it must be more profitable, and it wants to sell advertising space along a popular jogging path at a local park. They have built a number of billboards (special signs for advertisements) along the path and have decided to sell advertising space on these billboards. Billboards are situated evenly along the jogging path, and they are given consecutive integer numbers corresponding to their order along the path. At most one advertisement can be placed on each billboard.
A particular client wishes to purchase advertising space on these billboards but needs guarantees that every jogger will see it's advertisement at least K times while running along the path. However, different joggers run along different parts of the path.
Interviews with joggers revealed that each of them has chosen a section of the path which he/she likes to run along every day. Since advertisers care only about billboards seen by joggers, each jogger's personal path can be identified by the sequence of billboards viewed during a run. Taking into account that billboards are numbered consecutively, it is sufficient to record the first and the last billboard numbers seen by each jogger.
Unfortunately, interviews with joggers also showed that some joggers don't run far enough to see K billboards. Some of them are in such bad shape that they get to see only one billboard (here, the first and last billboard numbers for their path will be identical). Since out-of-shape joggers won't get to see K billboards, the client requires that they see an advertisement on every billboard along their section of the path. Although this is not as good as them seeing K advertisements, this is the best that can be done and it's enough to satisfy the client.
In order to reduce advertising costs, the client hires you to figure out how to minimize the number of billboards they need to pay for and, at the same time, satisfy stated requirements.
The following N lines describe the path of each jogger. Each line contains two integers Ai and Bi (both numbers are not greater than 10000 by absolute value). Ai represents the first billboard number seen by jogger number i and Bi gives the last billboard number seen by that jogger. During a run, jogger i will see billboards Ai, Bi and all billboards between them.
The first line of a multiple input is an integer N, then a blank line followed by N input blocks. Each input block is in the format indicated in the problem description. There is a blank line between input blocks.
The output format consists of N output blocks. There is a blank line between
Source: Northeastern Europe 1999