Time Limit: 2 Seconds
Memory Limit: 65536 KB
Sunny Cup 2003 - Preliminary Round
April 20th, 12:00 - 17:00
Problem E: QS Network
In the planet w-503 of galaxy cgb, there is a kind of intelligent creature named
QS. QScommunicate with each other via networks. If two QS want to get connected,
they need to buy two network adapters (one for each QS) and a segment of network
cable. Please be advised that ONE NETWORK ADAPTER CAN ONLY BE USED IN A SINGLE
CONNECTION.(ie. if a QS want to setup four connections, it needs to buy four
adapters). In the procedure of communication, a QS broadcasts its message to
all the QS it is connected with, the group of QS who receive the message broadcast
the message to all the QS they connected with, the procedure repeats until all
the QS's have received the message.
A sample is shown below:
A sample QS network, and QS A want to send a message.
Step 1. QS A sends message to QS B and QS C;
Step 2. QS B sends message to QS A ; QS C sends message to QS A and QS D;
Step 3. the procedure terminates because all the QS received the message.
Each QS has its favorate brand of network adapters and always buys the brand
in all of its connections. Also the distance between QS vary. Given the price
of each QS's favorate brand of network adapters and the price of cable between
each pair of QS, your task is to write a program to determine the minimum cost
to setup a QS network.
The 1st line of the input contains an integer t which indicates the number
of data sets.
From the second line there are t data sets.
In a single data set,the 1st line contains an interger n which indicates the
number of QS.
The 2nd line contains n integers, indicating the price of each QS's favorate
In the 3rd line to the n+2th line contain a matrix indicating the price of cable
between ecah pair of QS.
all the integers in the input are non-negative and not more than 1000.
for each data set,output the minimum cost in a line. NO extra empty lines needed.
10 20 30
0 100 200
100 0 300
200 300 0
Author: JIANG, Jiefeng
Source: Zhejiang University Local Contest 2003, Preliminary